Problem of the relationship between the individual and society is one of the many central concerns in the literature of American Transcendentalism. Most of Ralph W. Emerson's Essays deal with it in addition to the work of Henry M. Thoreau. Maggie Fullers 'feminist Transcendentalism' propagated emancipation of girls from social norms, and George Ripley tried to develop an alternative to society in 'Brook Farm', a social experiment that geared towards giving the more freedom in a farm building community. The aim of this newspaper is to uncover the idea lurking behind all these literary and real-life attempts to define the role individuals within or without society. The key term for this can be self-reliance, which in turn basically means idealistic individualism. The conventional paper tries to clarify self-reliance as being a concept inside the broader framework of American Transcendentalist thought. Furthermore, I will make an effort to demonstrate where idea of self-reliance can be found in the task of Henry David Thoreau and how that shapes the relation individual-society therein. The paper is definitely structured as follows: Chapter Is an attempt to define American Transcendentalism being a movement that was deeply individualistic so that as a system of ideas which are connected with the thought of individualism. Chapter Two examines the cortege of self-sufficiency itself. This is mainly done by examining the essay Self-Reliance by Emerson. Chapter Three asks if the doctrine of self-reliance is definitely reflected in American Transcendental literature. While examples, I chose Walden and Civil Disobedience by Holly David Thoreau. I want to argue that self-reliance features two conceivable implications, Isolation or Social Commitment, which both of them are available in Thoreau's work. Finally, Phase Four summarises and analyzes the content with the previous chapters. When quoting German text messaging I decided not to translate them in order to avoid a distortion with their content. 1 ) American Transcendentalism 1 . you An Individual Movement American Transcendentalism was obviously a philosophical, literary, and faith based movement. It absolutely was intellectually most efficient between the 1830s and the 1850s. The central events in the history of American Transcendentalism occurred in these decades: In 1832, Ralph Waldo Emerson retired his ministry of the Unitarian Church as they felt struggling to administer the holy accord. A group of Fresh England intellectuals, called the 'Transcendental Club', met sometimes at Emerson's house by 1836 about. The most influential transcendentalist materials was published in that time: Emerson's Nature, Orestes Brownson's Fresh Views of Christianity, Contemporary society, and Church(both 1836), Henry David Thoreau's Civil Disobedience(1849) and Walden, or Your life in the Woods(1854), and the mag The Dial(1840 to 1844) which was edited by Margaret Fuller. For the evaluation of the extreme individualism and self-reliance almost all of the Transcendentalists1favoured, it is necessary to understand that at all their time we were holding outsiders amongst intellectuals. Even though the mainstream of philosophical thought in early nineteenth-century New England was inspired by Ruben Locke's empiricism, their idea had their roots in German idealism, in Eastern thought, in addition to Scottish Common Sense Philosophy. The Transcendentalists intended to produce books that was original American, criticized the American contemporary society in their writings, and did not care about formal standards. Therefore , they were towards the founded literature, like that of the 'Fireside Poets', that was Victorian, oriented only about aesthetic specifications, and very formalistic. Also regarding religion the Transcendentalists had been opposed to the beliefs of the majority. With the rather pantheistic religious sights they faced the Unitarian church. The religious and anti-Unitarian element of Transcendentalism was known as the 'New Views'; they lead to a controversy between Rob W. Emerson and the Unitarian Church of Boston following he had...
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Gayet, Claude. The Mental Development of Holly David Thoreau. Uppsala: Stockholms University Press, 1981.
Kateb, George: Emerson and Self-Reliance. Modernity and Political Believed #8. 1, 000 Oaks: Sage Publications, 95.
Klumpjahn, Hans-Dieter. Klumpjahn, Helmut. Henry M. Thoreau. Rowohlt Monographie. Venedig des nordens (umgangssprachlich): Rowohlt, 1986.
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PГјtz, Manfred. Emerson wie Transzendentalist. in: PГјtz, Manfred (ed. ): Die Beschaffenheit. Stuttgart: Reclam, 1982.
Zapf, Hubert (ed. ). Amerikanische Literaturgeschichte. Stuttgart, Weimar: Metzler, 1997. Transcendental Club. Transcendentalism. in: The Oxford Companion to American Literature. Nyc, Oxford: 95.